The Mechanics Behind Arch Support Insoles for Flat Feet

A significant proportion of the population has flat feet, and for most, the condition does not affect daily life. However, for some, it can result in pain in the feet, legs and back. For these people, getting the proper arch supports for flat feet is essential to living life to the fullest.

What Causes Flat Feet?

The condition is a common one, often beginning in childhood, when the tendons that eventually form arches in most feet do not do so. But even people with normal arches can develop flat feet as they age, with risk factors including injury, obesity, diabetes, arthritis and even pregnancy. If someone has flat feet but is not experiencing pain, it may not be necessary to seek treatment.

Flat Feet and Pain

In many individuals, flat feet can lead to overpronation, a condition in which, because the arch is no longer there for support, the ankle rolls inward and the majority of the body’s weight is borne on the inner edge of the foot. This can result in strain on the ankles, knees and lower back, as well as other foot problems.

What Orthotics Can Do for Flat Feet

The right shoe inserts for flat feet can help lessen the effects of overpronation. Aligning the bones in the foot properly with foot orthotics can assist in improvement of postural control, which aids in prevention and treatment of lower back pain. Arch supports for flat feet have also been shown to decrease energy consumption of flat-footed people during walking, as well as improving step symmetry and walking speed. Finally, by reducing strain on soft tissue in the ankles, shoe insoles for flat feet can enhance muscle strength and stabilize the ankles, resulting in better posture and balance.

Finding the Best Orthotics for Flat Feet

For sufferers of pain related to flat feet, it’s time to find relief. There are a wide variety of insoles available, but not all are created equal. As the #1 Podiatrist-recommended brand of shoe insoles, Powerstep offers the shoe insert that will fit your unique needs. Let us help you determine which product will be the best option for you. Find all the information you need to make your choice here. Visit our Resource Center for additional informative articles, or feel free to contact us with any questions you may have about our products.


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Sources: 
1) Mayo Clinic. “Flatfeet: Risk Factors.” Jun 12, 2015. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/flatfeet/basics/risk-factors/con-20023429
2) Nordqvist C. “What Are Flat Feet? What Causes Flat Feet?” Medical News Today. Sep 11, 2014. Retrieved from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/168608.php
3) Gabriner ML, Braun BA, Houston MN and Hoch MCJ. “The Effectiveness of Foot Orthotics on Improving Postural Control in Individuals with Chronic Ankle Instability: A Critically Appraised Topic.” Sport Rehabilitation. Aug 12, 2013.
4) Menz HB, Dufour AB, Riskowski JL, Hillstrom HJ and Hannan MT. “Foot Posture, Foot Function and Low Back Pain: The Framingham Foot Study.” Rheumatology (Oxford). Sep 17, 2013.
5) Karimi MT, Fereshtehnejad N, and Pool F. “The Impact of Foot Insole on the Energy Consumption of Flat-Footed Individuals During Walking.” Foot and Ankle Specialist. 2013 Feb; 6(1):21-6.
6) Aboutorabi A, Saeedi H, Kamali M, Farahmand B, Eshraghi A, and Dolagh RS. “Immediate Effect of Orthopedic Shoe and Functional Foot Orthosis on Center of Pressure Displacement and Gait Parameters in Juvenile Flexible Flat Foot.” Prosthetics and Orthotics International. Aug 28, 2013.
7) Douglas R. “Chronic Ankle Instability: Can Orthotics Help?” Podiatry Today. Oct 2006. Vol 19-Iss 10.
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